While the focus has been on Western Europe so far, there has also been a lot going on in Eastern Europe, which we’ll be looking at today. The Commonwealth of Poland-Lithuania, The Ottoman Empire, and Russia were all competing at the eastern end of the continent/landmass of Europe at during the 16th century. You’ll learn about the various Ivans in Russia, and the Time of Trouble that followed them, and you’ll learn about the Ottomans’ expansion into Europe. You’ll also learn how the great power you may not have heard of, Poland-Lithuania was right in the middle of all these events, from the rise of the False Dmitry to the Battle of Vienna.
-Hosking, Geoffrey A. Russia: People and Empire, 1552-1917. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1997.
-Hunt, Lynn et al. Making of the West: Peoples and Cultures. Boston: Bedford St. Martins, 2019.
-Kivelson, Valerie A. and Ronald Grigor Suny. Russia’s Empires. New York: Oxford University Press, 2017.
-Parker, Geoffrey. Global Crisis: War Climate Change, and Catastrophe in the Seventeenth Century. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2014.
-Peirce, Leslie. Empress of the East: How a European Slave Girl Became Queen of the Ottoman Empire. New York: Basic Books, 2017.
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